JSTL, Beans, and method calls

I'm working on a JSP where I need to call methods on object that come from a Bean. The previous version of the page does not use JSTL and it works properly. My new version has a set up like this:

<jsp:useBean id="pageBean" scope="request" type="com.epicentric.page.website.PageBean" />
<c:set var="pageDividers" value="<%= pageBean.getPageDividers() %>" />
<c:set var="numColumns" value="${pageDividers.size()}" />

The variable pageDividers is a List object.

I'm encountering this issue: when I ask for pageDivider's size, an exception is thrown. I know this is a simple JTSL error -- what am I doing wrong?

The error message is:

The function size must be used with a prefix when a default namespace is not specified

How do I correctly access or call the methods of my pageDividers object?

Asked by: Julian993 | Posted: 23-01-2022

Answer 1

When using the dot operator for property access in JSTL, ${pageDividers.size} (no () needed) results in a call to a method named getSize().
Since java.util.List offers a method called size() (rather than getSize()) you won't be able to access the list length by using that code.

In order to access to a list size, JSTL offers the fn:length function, used like


Note that in order to use the fn namespace, you should declare it as follows

<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/functions" prefix="fn" %>

In addition, the same function can be used with any collection type, and with Strings too.

Answered by: Tess782 | Posted: 24-02-2022

Answer 2

To access the property of a bean using EL you simply name the property (not invoke the method). So lets say you have a method called getSize() in the bean then


Notice no ().

EDIT:Sorry...made an error in the original post.

Answered by: Chelsea401 | Posted: 24-02-2022

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