Write dpi metadata to a jpeg image in Java

I am trying to programatically set the dpi metadata of an jpeg image in Java. The source of the image is a scanner, so I get the horizontal/vertical resolution from TWAIN, along with the image raw data. I'd like to save this info for better print results.

Here's the code I have so far. It saves the raw image (byteArray) to a JPEG file, but it ignores the X/Ydensity information I specify via IIOMetadata. Any advice what I'm doing wrong?

Any other solution (third-party library, etc) would be welcome too.

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.image.WritableRaster;
import java.io.File;

import javax.imageio.IIOImage;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.imageio.ImageTypeSpecifier;
import javax.imageio.metadata.IIOMetadata;
import javax.imageio.plugins.jpeg.JPEGImageWriteParam;
import javax.imageio.stream.ImageOutputStream    

import org.w3c.dom.Element;    
import com.sun.imageio.plugins.jpeg.JPEGImageWriter;

public boolean saveJpeg(int[] byteArray, int width, int height, int dpi, String file)
    BufferedImage bufferedImage = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);

    WritableRaster wr = bufferedImage.getRaster();
    wr.setPixels(0, 0, width, height, byteArray);

        // Image writer 
        JPEGImageWriter imageWriter = (JPEGImageWriter) ImageIO.getImageWritersBySuffix("jpeg").next();
        ImageOutputStream ios = ImageIO.createImageOutputStream(new File(file));

        // Compression
        JPEGImageWriteParam jpegParams = (JPEGImageWriteParam) imageWriter.getDefaultWriteParam();

        // Metadata (dpi)
        IIOMetadata data = imageWriter.getDefaultImageMetadata(new ImageTypeSpecifier(bufferedImage), jpegParams);
        Element tree = (Element)data.getAsTree("javax_imageio_jpeg_image_1.0");
        Element jfif = (Element)tree.getElementsByTagName("app0JFIF").item(0);
        jfif.setAttribute("Xdensity", Integer.toString(dpi));
        jfif.setAttribute("Ydensity", Integer.toString(dpi));
        jfif.setAttribute("resUnits", "1"); // density is dots per inch         

        // Write and clean up
        imageWriter.write(data, new IIOImage(bufferedImage, null, null), jpegParams);
    catch (Exception e)
       return false;

    return true;


Asked by: Melissa873 | Posted: 21-01-2022

Answer 1

Some issues that were not considered here:

  1. The tree is not directly mapped to the IOMetaData. To apply data from tree, add following call after setting the densities and raster parameters:

    data.setFromTree("javax_imageio_jpeg_image_1.0", tree);
  2. don't use the meta data as first parameter in the write call. See JPEGImageWriter#write(IIOMetaData, IIOImage, ImageWriteParam). If streamMetaData is not NULL, a warning (WARNING_STREAM_METADATA_IGNORED) will be generated.

  3. set the meta data as IOMetadata of the IOImage. These meta data are used by JPEGImageWriter. The correct write call then is

    imageWriter.write(null, new IIOImage(F_scaledImg, null, data), jpegParams);

Answered by: Dainton647 | Posted: 22-02-2022

Answer 2

I would seem this could be a bug.

I found this post from a few google searches

Apparently there are alot more that point to a bug as well.

The post above talks about using JMagick as a third party work around.

Answered by: Kimberly477 | Posted: 22-02-2022

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