Java equivalent to app.config?

Is there a Java equivalent to .NET's App.Config?

If not is there a standard way to keep you application settings, so that they can be changed after an app has been distributed?

Asked by: Lily751 | Posted: 23-01-2022

Answer 1

For WebApps, web.xml can be used to store application settings.

Other than that, you can use the Properties class to read and write properties files.

You may also want to look at the Preferences class, which is used to read and write system and user preferences. It's an abstract class, but you can get appropriate objects using the userNodeForPackage(ClassName.class) and systemNodeForPackage(ClassName.class).

Answered by: Thomas980 | Posted: 24-02-2022

Answer 2

To put @Powerlord's suggestion (+1) of using the Properties class into example code:

public class SomeClass {
    public static void main(String[] args){
        String dbUrl = "";
        String dbLogin = "";
        String dbPassword = "";     
        if (args.length<3) {
            //If no inputs passed in, look for a configuration file
            URL configFile = SomeClass.class.getClass().getResource("/Configuration.cnf");
            try {
                InputStream configFileStream = configFile.openStream();
                Properties p = new Properties();

                dbUrl      = (String)p.get("dbUrl");
                dbLogin    = (String)p.get("dbUser");
                dbPassword = (String)p.get("dbPassword");               
            } catch (Exception e) {  //IO or NullPointer exceptions possible in block above
                System.out.println("Useful message");
        } else {
            //Read required inputs from "args"
            dbUrl      = args[0];
            dbLogin    = args[1];
            dbPassword = args[2];           
        //Input checking one three items here
        //Real work here.

Then, at the root of the container (e.g. top of a jar file) place a file Configuration.cnf with the following content:

#Comments describing the file
#more comments

This feel not perfect (I'd be interested to hear improvements) but good enough for my current needs.

Answered by: Freddie485 | Posted: 24-02-2022

Answer 3

The simple way is to simply have a properties file, e.g.,, with all your settings in. It's not a very advanced way to do settings but it suffices, or you can have your own XML based setup, or get them from a database, etc.

Answered by: Rebecca371 | Posted: 24-02-2022

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