How to add an xml element in Java 1.4

I am trying to add a "title" element but am getting a NO_MODIFICATION_ALLOWED_ERR error...

private static void saveDoc(String f) throws Exception {

    DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
    DocumentBuilder db = dbf.newDocumentBuilder();
    Document doc = db.parse(f);

    // create DOMSource for source XML document
    DOMSource xmlSource = new DOMSource(doc);

    Node nextNode = xmlSource.getNode().getFirstChild();

    while (nextNode != null) {
        System.out.print("\n node name: " + nextNode.getNodeName() + "\n");
        if (nextNode.getNodeName().equals("map")) {

the line above is throwing error:

Exception in thread "main" org.w3c.dom.DOMException: NO_MODIFICATION_ALLOWED_ERR: An attempt is made to modify an object where modifications are not allowed. at Source) at Source) at Source) at myProject.Main.saveDoc( at myProject.Main.main(


        nextNode = nextNode.getNextSibling();             

My xml file looks like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?dctm xml_app="LOPackage"?>
<!DOCTYPE map PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DITA Map//EN" "file:C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/joe/Desktop//LOPackage/map.dtd">
<map xmlns:ditaarch="" class="- map/map " ditaarch:DITAArchVersion="1.1" domains="(map mapgroup-d) (topic indexing-d)">
    <topicref class="- map/topicref " href="dctm://ai/0501869e80002504?DMS_OBJECT_SPEC=RELATION_ID" type="Le"/>
    <topicref class="- map/topicref " href="dctm://ai/0501869e80002505?DMS_OBJECT_SPEC=RELATION_ID" type="Pr"/>
    <topicref class="- map/topicref " href="dctm://ai/0501869e80002506?DMS_OBJECT_SPEC=RELATION_ID" type="Pr"/>

Asked by: Marcus680 | Posted: 28-01-2022

Answer 1

Not sure if that's the reason, but check if your DOM implementation validates all the changes to the DOM. Because in you code,


will attempt to create a text node as the child of map element and DITA Map doesn't allow that. Instead, try

Element title = doc.createElement("title");
title.appendChild(doc.createTextNode("title content"))

Answered by: Connie242 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 2

For some reason, the parent node seems to be read-only. Clone the document by using:

Document newDoc = doc.cloneNode(true);

Set it to read-write by:

//                       ^^^^ also sets children

Then do your stuff. I would return the new document after saving it though.

Answered by: John379 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 3

Where is the original document coming from?

That's the cause of the issue - the code that's reading in the document is constructing a read-only document. Without knowing how you're reading it in, it's pretty hard to work out how to change that.

I just did a quick test on Windows with JDK 1.4.2-11, and I can confirm that using the DocumentBuilderFactory (with the XML content coming from a Reader) does not create a read only Document.

Answered by: Catherine789 | Posted: 01-03-2022

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