Calculate the display width of a string in Java

How to calculate the length (in pixels) of a string in Java?

Preferable without using Swing.

EDIT: I would like to draw the string using the drawString() in Java2D and use the length for word wrapping.

Asked by: Nicole993 | Posted: 28-01-2022

Answer 1

If you just want to use AWT, then use Graphics.getFontMetrics (optionally specifying the font, for a non-default one) to get a FontMetrics and then FontMetrics.stringWidth to find the width for the specified string.

For example, if you have a Graphics variable called g, you'd use:

int width = g.getFontMetrics().stringWidth(text);

For other toolkits, you'll need to give us more information - it's always going to be toolkit-dependent.

Answered by: Patrick310 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 2

It doesn't always need to be toolkit-dependent or one doesn't always need use the FontMetrics approach since it requires one to first obtain a graphics object which is absent in a web container or in a headless enviroment.

I have tested this in a web servlet and it does calculate the text width.

import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.font.FontRenderContext;
import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;


String text = "Hello World";
AffineTransform affinetransform = new AffineTransform();     
FontRenderContext frc = new FontRenderContext(affinetransform,true,true);     
Font font = new Font("Tahoma", Font.PLAIN, 12);
int textwidth = (int)(font.getStringBounds(text, frc).getWidth());
int textheight = (int)(font.getStringBounds(text, frc).getHeight());

Add the necessary values to these dimensions to create any required margin.

Answered by: Alina222 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 3

Use the getWidth method in the following class:

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.geom.*;
import java.awt.font.*;

class StringMetrics {

  Font font;
  FontRenderContext context;

  public StringMetrics(Graphics2D g2) {

    font = g2.getFont();
    context = g2.getFontRenderContext();

  Rectangle2D getBounds(String message) {

    return font.getStringBounds(message, context);

  double getWidth(String message) {

    Rectangle2D bounds = getBounds(message);
    return bounds.getWidth();

  double getHeight(String message) {

    Rectangle2D bounds = getBounds(message);
    return bounds.getHeight();


Answered by: Brianna365 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 4

And now for something completely different. The following assumes arial font, and makes a wild guess based on a linear interpolation of character vs width.

// Returns the size in PICA of the string, given space is 200 and 'W' is 1000.
// see

static int picaSize(String s)
    // the following characters are sorted by width in Arial font
    String lookup = " .:,;'^`!|jl/\\i-()JfIt[]?{}sr*a\"ce_gFzLxkP+0123456789<=>~qvy$SbduEphonTBCXY#VRKZN%GUAHD@OQ&wmMW";
    int result = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); ++i)
        int c = lookup.indexOf(s.charAt(i));
        result += (c < 0 ? 60 : c) * 7 + 200;
    return result;

Interesting, but perhaps not very practical.

Answered by: Agata164 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 5

I personally was searching for something to let me compute the multiline string area, so I could determine if given area is big enough to print the string - with preserving specific font.

private static Hashtable hash = new Hashtable();
private Font font;
private LineBreakMeasurer lineBreakMeasurer;
private int start, end;

public PixelLengthCheck(Font font) {
    this.font = font;

public boolean tryIfStringFits(String textToMeasure, Dimension areaToFit) {
    AttributedString attributedString = new AttributedString(textToMeasure, hash);
    attributedString.addAttribute(TextAttribute.FONT, font);
    AttributedCharacterIterator attributedCharacterIterator =
    start = attributedCharacterIterator.getBeginIndex();
    end = attributedCharacterIterator.getEndIndex();

    lineBreakMeasurer = new LineBreakMeasurer(attributedCharacterIterator,
            new FontRenderContext(null, false, false));

    float width = (float) areaToFit.width;
    float height = 0;

    while (lineBreakMeasurer.getPosition() < end) {
        TextLayout textLayout = lineBreakMeasurer.nextLayout(width);
        height += textLayout.getAscent();
        height += textLayout.getDescent() + textLayout.getLeading();

    boolean res = height <= areaToFit.getHeight();

    return res;

Answered by: Audrey561 | Posted: 01-03-2022

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