New features in java 7

What new features in java 7 is going to be implemented? And what are they doing now?

Asked by: Aston132 | Posted: 28-01-2022

Answer 1

Java SE 7 Features and Enhancements from JDK 7 Release Notes

This is the Java 7 new features summary from the OpenJDK 7 features page:

vm  JSR 292: Support for dynamically-typed languages (InvokeDynamic)
        Strict class-file checking
lang    JSR 334: Small language enhancements (Project Coin)
core    Upgrade class-loader architecture
        Method to close a URLClassLoader
        Concurrency and collections updates (jsr166y)
i18n    Unicode 6.0
        Locale enhancement
        Separate user locale and user-interface locale
ionet   JSR 203: More new I/O APIs for the Java platform (NIO.2)
        NIO.2 filesystem provider for zip/jar archives
        SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol)
        SDP (Sockets Direct Protocol)
        Use the Windows Vista IPv6 stack
        TLS 1.2
sec     Elliptic-curve cryptography (ECC)
jdbc    JDBC 4.1
client  XRender pipeline for Java 2D
        Create new platform APIs for 6u10 graphics features
        Nimbus look-and-feel for Swing
        Swing JLayer component
        Gervill sound synthesizer [NEW]
web     Update the XML stack
mgmt    Enhanced MBeans [UPDATED]

Code examples for new features in Java 1.7

Try-with-resources statement


BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(path));
try {
   return br.readLine();
} finally {


try (BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(path)) {
   return br.readLine();

You can declare more than one resource to close:

try (
   InputStream in = new FileInputStream(src);
   OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(dest))
 // code

Underscores in numeric literals

int one_million = 1_000_000;

Strings in switch

String s = ...
switch(s) {
 case "quux":
    // fall-through

  case "foo":
  case "bar":

  case "baz":
    // fall-through


Binary literals

int binary = 0b1001_1001;

Improved Type Inference for Generic Instance Creation

Map<String, List<String>> anagrams = new HashMap<String, List<String>>();


Map<String, List<String>> anagrams = new HashMap<>();

Multiple exception catching


} catch (FirstException ex) {
     throw ex;
} catch (SecondException ex) {
     throw ex;


} catch (FirstException | SecondException ex) {
    throw ex;



@SuppressWarnings({"unchecked", "varargs"})
public static void printAll(List<String>... lists){
    for(List<String> list : lists){


public static void printAll(List<String>... lists){
    for(List<String> list : lists){

Answered by: Chloe372 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 2

New Feature of Java Standard Edition (JSE 7)

  1. Decorate Components with the JLayer Class:

    The JLayer class is a flexible and powerful decorator for Swing components. The JLayer class in Java SE 7 is similar in spirit to the JxLayer project project at The JLayer class was initially based on the JXLayer project, but its API evolved separately.

  2. Strings in switch Statement:

    In the JDK 7 , we can use a String object in the expression of a switch statement. The Java compiler generates generally more efficient bytecode from switch statements that use String objects than from chained if-then-else statements.

  3. Type Inference for Generic Instance:

    We can replace the type arguments required to invoke the constructor of a generic class with an empty set of type parameters (<>) as long as the compiler can infer the type arguments from the context. This pair of angle brackets is informally called the diamond. Java SE 7 supports limited type inference for generic instance creation; you can only use type inference if the parameterized type of the constructor is obvious from the context. For example, the following example does not compile:

    List<String> l = new ArrayList<>();
    l.addAll(new ArrayList<>());

    In comparison, the following example compiles:

    List<? extends String> list2 = new ArrayList<>();
  4. Catching Multiple Exception Types and Rethrowing Exceptions with Improved Type Checking:

    In Java SE 7 and later, a single catch block can handle more than one type of exception. This feature can reduce code duplication. Consider the following code, which contains duplicate code in each of the catch blocks:

    catch (IOException e) {
        throw e;
    catch (SQLException e) {
        throw e;

    In releases prior to Java SE 7, it is difficult to create a common method to eliminate the duplicated code because the variable e has different types. The following example, which is valid in Java SE 7 and later, eliminates the duplicated code:

    catch (IOException|SQLException e) {
        throw e;

    The catch clause specifies the types of exceptions that the block can handle, and each exception type is separated with a vertical bar (|).

  5. The java.nio.file package

    The java.nio.file package and its related package, java.nio.file.attribute, provide comprehensive support for file I/O and for accessing the file system. A zip file system provider is also available in JDK 7.


Answered by: Walter319 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 3

Java Programming Language Enhancements @ Java7

  1. Binary Literals
  2. Strings in switch Statement
  3. Try with Resources (How it works) or ARM (Automatic Resource Management)
  4. Multiple Exception Handling
  5. Suppressed Exceptions
  6. underscore in literals
  7. Type Inference for Generic Instance Creation using Diamond Syntax
  8. Improved Compiler Warnings and Errors When Using Non-Reifiable Formal Parameters with Varargs Methods

Official reference
Official reference with java8
wiki reference

Answered by: Arthur216 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 4

In addition to what John Skeet said, here's an overview of the Java 7 project. It includes a list and description of the features.

Note: JDK 7 was released on July 28, 2011, so you should now go to the official java SE site.

Answered by: Adrian802 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 5

Language changes:

-Project Coin (small changes)
-switch on Strings
-diamond operator

Library changes:

-new abstracted file-system API (NIO.2) (with support for virtual filesystems)
-improved concurrency libraries
-elliptic curve encryption
-more incremental upgrades

Platform changes:

-support for dynamic languages

Below is the link explaining the newly added features of JAVA 7 , the explanation is crystal clear with the possible small examples for each features :

Answered by: Sawyer611 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 6

Using Diamond(<>) operator for generic instance creation

Map<String, List<Trade>> trades = new TreeMap <> ();

Using strings in switch statements

String status=  “something”;

Underscore in numeric literals

int val 12_15; long phoneNo = 01917_999_720L;

Using single catch statement for throwing multiple exception by using “|” operator

catch(IOException | NullPointerException ex){

No need to close() resources because Java 7 provides try-with-resources statement

try(FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream("movies.txt");
      DataOutputStream dos = new DataOutputStream(fos)) {
              dos.writeUTF("Java 7 Block Buster");
  } catch(IOException e) {
        // log the exception

binary literals with prefix “0b” or “0B”

Answered by: Alissa117 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 7

I think ForkJoinPool and related enhancement to Executor Framework is an important addition in Java 7.

Answered by: Sarah248 | Posted: 01-03-2022

Answer 8

The following list contains links to the the enhancements pages in the Java SE 7.

IO and New IO
Concurrency Utilities
Rich Internet Applications (RIA)/Deployment
    Requesting and Customizing Applet Decoration in Dragg able Applets
    Embedding JNLP File in Applet Tag
    Deploying without Codebase
    Handling Applet Initialization Status with Event Handlers
Java 2D
java.lang Package
    Multithreaded Custom Class Loaders in Java SE 7
Java Programming Language
    Binary Literals
    Strings in switch Statements
    The try-with-resources Statement
    Catching Multiple Exception Types and Rethrowing Exceptions with Improved Type Checking
    Underscores in Numeric Literals
    Type Inference for Generic Instance Creation
    Improved Compiler Warnings and Errors When Using Non-Reifiable Formal Parameters with Varargs Methods
Java Virtual Machine (JVM)
    Java Virtual Machine Support for Non-Java Languages
    Garbage-First Collector
    Java HotSpot Virtual Machine Performance Enhancements

Reference 1 Reference 2

Answered by: Melanie114 | Posted: 01-03-2022

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